Android Audio Recording Tutorial

03/11/2009

After many hours of trying to record audio on my Google Android device, I’ve finally arrived at a workable solution.  There were a few bumps along the way besides the horribly out of date MediaRecorder documentation, which was sorely lacking details.  For one, I could only get audio to record to the SD card.  Additionally, the directory being recorded to must already exist before attempting to record to it. Without further ado, here is a complete example for recording audio on the Android via the MediaRecorder API:


package com.benmccann.android.hello;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

import android.media.MediaRecorder;
import android.os.Environment;

/**
 * @author <a href="http://www.benmccann.com">Ben McCann</a>
 */
public class AudioRecorder {

  final MediaRecorder recorder = new MediaRecorder();
  final String path;

  /**
   * Creates a new audio recording at the given path (relative to root of SD card).
   */
  public AudioRecorder(String path) {
    this.path = sanitizePath(path);
  }

  private String sanitizePath(String path) {
    if (!path.startsWith("/")) {
      path = "/" + path;
    }
    if (!path.contains(".")) {
      path += ".3gp";
    }
    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() + path;
  }

  /**
   * Starts a new recording.
   */
  public void start() throws IOException {
    String state = android.os.Environment.getExternalStorageState();
    if(!state.equals(android.os.Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED))  {
        throw new IOException("SD Card is not mounted.  It is " + state + ".");
    }

    // make sure the directory we plan to store the recording in exists
    File directory = new File(path).getParentFile();
    if (!directory.exists() && !directory.mkdirs()) {
      throw new IOException("Path to file could not be created.");
    }

    recorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC);
    recorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.THREE_GPP);
    recorder.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AMR_NB);
    recorder.setOutputFile(path);
    recorder.prepare();
    recorder.start();
  }

  /**
   * Stops a recording that has been previously started.
   */
  public void stop() throws IOException {
    recorder.stop();
    recorder.release();
  }

}